# NAT/Private networks

ApisCP will attempt to auto-detect your public IP address during installation. This process may fall short if the server is behind a firewall or on a private network.

When assigning IPs on a private network always use the internal IP address in the pool and external (public IP address) as the DNS proxy address.

# Reference tables

Pre-install tunables /root/apnscp-vars.yml
apnscp_ip4_address Set namebased IPv4 address pool.
apnscp_ip6_address Set namebased IPv6 address pool.
Post-install files /usr/local/apnscp
storage/opcenter/namebased_ip_addrs Set namebased IPv4 address pool. "\n" delimited.
storage/opcenter/namebased_ip6_addrs Set namebased IPv6 address pool."\n" delimited.
[dns] config.ini tunables cpcmd scope:set cp.config dns x y
my_ip4 IPv4 address ApisCP will report for remote access.
my_ip6 IPv6 address ApisCP will report for remote access.
proxy_ip4 Override address used to provision A DNS records.
proxy_ip6 Override address used to provision AAAA DNS records.
Scopes cpcmd scope:set dns.x y
ip4-pool Array of IPv4 addresses to serve web sites.
ip6-pool Array of IPv6 addresses to serve web sites.
ip4-proxy Public IPv4 address. Overridden by dns,proxyaddr
ip6-proxy Public IPv6 address. Overridden by dns,proxy6addr

# Assignment process

Bootstrapper uses apnscp_ip4_address and apnscp_ip6_address in apnscp-vars.yml to assign default IP addresses. If these values are unset, then ansible_default_ipv4.address and ansible_default_ipv6.address are used respectively. These values can be examined using Ansible:

ansible localhost -m setup | grep -B10 -A10 'ipv[46]'

These IP addresses are stored in namebased_ip_addrs and namebased_ip6_addrs within /usr/local/apnscp/storage/opcenter, each entry delimited by a newline ("\n"). All domains created within apnscp are assigned IP addresses from this list.

  • apnscp/bootstrap (opens new window) role is the task responsible for this process.

  • Theses files are neither recreated nor modified unless removed from server or altered directly.

# Apache

The IP addresses stored in namebased_XX_addrs are used to populate the addresses Apache will listen on. Adjustments are made in /etc/httpd/conf/httpd-custom.conf based upon addresses listed within the pools.

  • apache/configuration (opens new window) role will modifyhttpd-custom.conf if the addresses change.
  • Changing pool addresses will not reassign addresses already assigned to sites. This must be done manually. EditDomain -c ipinfo,nbaddrs=['new.ip.add.ress'] domain is the easiest means to accomplish this.


The IP address stipulated in ipinfo,nbaddrs or ipinfo,ipaddrs (or ipinfo6) will be used unless dns,proxy_ip4 (or proxy_ip6) is specified or dns,proxy_ip4 has the special value "DEFAULT". If the special value "DEFAULT" is used, then the config.ini setting [dns] => proxy_ip4 (or proxy_ip6) will be used respectively for public DNS.

  • The proxied DNS value (proxy_ipN) takes precedence for public DNS even if the site is IP based.
  • Specify dns,proxy_ipN as empty ("") or null to unset public DNS for a site. If this value is removed, then the value from ipinfoN,nbaddrs or ipinfoN,ipaddrs (depending upon setup) will be used for DNS.
  • Specifying DEFAULT for the value will use [dns] => proxy_ipN

# IP-based hosting

When ipinfo,namebased is 0 (false), a unique IP address is assigned for each account. This assignment pool is pulled from [dns] => allocation_cidr in config.ini based upon PTR presence. This IP address must be reachable internally; therefore, the value for ipaddrs will always reference the private/NAT network. PTRs, if supported by the DNS module, are created for both the internal network and public IP.

# AWS sample configuration with Route53

  • Instance type: t2.small
  • IPv4 Public IP:
  • IPv4 Internal IP (via ip addr list):
  • apnscp_system_hostname (via /root/apnscp-vars.yml): aws.apiscp.com
  • Test site: aws-test.apiscp.com (
  • DNS handled by AWS Route53

Set dns.ip4-proxy configuration scope to report as the public IP. All sites created will prefer this remote IP with DNS provisioning and internal checks.

cpcmd config:set dns.ip4-proxy
cpcmd config:set dns.default-provider aws
cpcmd config:set dns.default-provider-key '[key:YOURKEY,secret:YOURSECRET]'
/usr/local/sbin/AddDomain -c siteinfo,domain=aws-test.apiscp.com
cpcmd -d aws-test.apiscp.com letsencrypt:append '[aws-test.apiscp.com]'

If changing the remote IP address, as with an AWS Elastic IP for example from to When appending SSL hostnames to the request immediately after changing IPs be sure to disable IP address checks:

cd /home/virtual
for site in site* ; do
 /usr/local/sbin/EditDomain -c dns,proxyaddr=[''] "$site"
cpcmd -d aws-test.apiscp.com letsencrypt:append '[www.aws-test.apiscp.com]' false

ApisCP performs an internal IP check to filter defunct domains from the SSL certificate prior to requesting. Failure to do so may result in hostnames being pruned from renewal.

cpcmd -d site1 letsencrypt:append '[www.aws-test.apiscp.com]'
WARNING: hostname `aws-test.apiscp.com' IP `' doesn't match hosting IP `', skipping request
INFO    : reminder: only 5 certificates may be issued per week
INFO    : reloading web server in 2 minutes, stay tuned!

This check may be disabled permanently by setting [letsencrypt] => verify_ip to false in config.ini:

cpcmd config:set cp.config letsencrypt verify_ip false

This may result in domains that have expired to halt automatic SSL renewal.

# Problems

# Changing IPs

A machine may change either from a private to public network or its public IP change during its lifetime. In such situations, it's necessary to update the IP addresses ApisCP listens on and the IP addresses for each site. Bootstrapper can update all internal IP mappings by passing force=yes, which has specific meaning for some tasks.

env BSARGS="--extra-vars=force=yes" upcp -sb

It is necessary to update the public IP addresses for each site as well. Namebased IP addresses are assigned round-robin at creation. For example if a server has and then site1 is allocated, site2, site3, and so on.

Confirm the IP address bool has been updated in /etc/virtualhosting/namebased_ip_addrs and /etc/virtualhosting/namebased_ip6_addrs, then clear ipinfo,nbaddrs and ipinfo,nb6addrs respectively for reassignment. Namebased sites may be selected using a collection.

cpcmd -o json admin:collect null '[ipinfo.namebased:1]' | jq -r 'keys[]' | while read SITE ; do
	echo "Updating $(get_config $SITE siteinfo domain) - $SITE"
	EditDomain -c ipinfo,nbaddrs=[] -c ipinfo,namebased=1 -c ipinfo,nb6addrs=[] $i

# Multihomed networks

Consider a situation in which a network has 2 public IPs, and Outbound Internet traffic goes over Inbound server traffic for websites goes over Detection will yield while is intended. It is necessary to edit [dns],proxyaddr and [dns],proxyaddr6 with the proper IP address after installation.

cpcmd scope:get cp.config dns proxyaddr
# Reports incorrect value,
cpcmd scope:set cp.config dns proxyaddr
# DNS will now publish for all domains

Likewise conflicts may also affect hairpin checks, which is a best-effort attempt to determine if the public IP forwards HTTP requests. Hairpin checks are essential during SSL certificate prechecks to reduce error counts with Let's Encrypt.

A hairpin check from server1.mydomain.com with the public IP as reported by DNS would be as follows,

curl -I --resolve server1.mydomain.com:80: http://server1.mydomain.com/monit.html

A timeout or non-200 response - assuming /var/www/html/monit.html exists on the ApisCP server - would be indicative of a router that does not support hairpinning.

In such situations, set [dns],hairpin either 1 (public IP supports hairpinning) or 0 (public IP does not support hairpinning). ApisCP will always perform a best-effort guess if [dns],proxyaddr or [dns],proxyaddr6 is configured; however these guesses may fail when DNS conflicts exist requiring manual override.